Dental Care Guideline for Older People

Most people believe a common myth that – With Growing Age, Tooth Loss And Sunken Teeth Are Inevitable.

Though, as you grow old, tooth loss is a common phenomenon, but age is not to be blamed. Gum disease and tooth decay are probably responsible for the loss. But you can control and cure gum disease and tooth decay at any age.


As you get older, your gums may recede increasing your tooth sensitivity. You can ask your dentist to show you the proper brushing technique to control your gum problems and get suggestions of mouthwash to deal with your tooth sensitivity.

Normal Cleaning can be difficult for people having medical issues with their arms and/or hands or have poor eyesight. If so, discuss the matter openly with your dentist.

A magnifying mirror, a good light, and brushes with handles that can be held easily are often helpful. If you wear a denture or removable bridges, your teeth need special care which again your hygienist can help you with.

Old Age Dental Problems

  • Dry Mouth

    Many of us take regular medication. This often makes our mouths dry. Saliva secretion in our mouth keeps it moist. So, if you have less saliva than usually required, you need to talk to your dentist for artificial saliva and/or over the counter solutions.


  • Gum problems

    Gum problems are generally caused due to the formation of bacteria called ‘plaque’, which forms on your teeth and gums at a constant rate. Gum inflammation can be avoided if these plaques are removed. If you ignore for a long time, gum inflammation will start affecting the bone under your gums. These bones actually support your tooth, and so you will eventually have tooth loss.


  • Mouth ulcers

    Ulcers may cause due to broken teeth, ill fitted dentures or sharp food pieces. Once you remove the cause, it should heal within 2 weeks. If you have an ulcer, which is taking more time than required, see your dentist without much delay.

Detecting Gum Disease and Preventive Measures

Some common signs of gum disease are – bleeding gums (when brushed), loose teeth, receding gums which are often accompanied by bad breath.

Even if you have only one of the symptoms mentioned above, you may have gum disease.

  • To get rid o gum disease, you need to remove the plaque from your teeth at least twice daily using a fluoride toothpaste. Look for BDHF products, as they are clinically tested.

  • Avoid sugary foods

  • Visit your dentist and hygienist at a regular interval.

  • Dry mouth can be helped by sipping drink all day long.

Brushing Tips

To clean your teeth properly, you need a small headed medium sized brush and a fluoride toothpaste. Interspace brushes, tape, floss and wood sticks can also be used to clean the gaps in between the teeth. People with limited movements can also use an electric toothbrush to serve the purpose.

How to know if you have removed all the plaque?

Plaque can be sustained with food dye painted on your teeth with a cotton bud, or with ‘disclosing tablets’ from the drugstore.

Such a stain is safe and can spot any areas of your mouth that seeks your closer attention.

Denture – Wait Time

Normally people wonder how long they have to wait for the dentures, after they lost their teeth. If your plannings go right, it can be fitted on the same day. But, as the gums alters its shape, these need to be seen and adjusted by the dentist within 6 – 12 months.

Cleaning of normal dentures and partial dentures are essential along with your natural teeth.

Though dentures can last really long, but it is advised to replace it every 5 years because the shape of our mouth is on a constant change. Often with the slow change of the mouth, denture wearers have managed to keep the denture for more than 5 years, which may cause ill fitted or even broken denture. Discomfort and pain are inevitable in such cases, but with a regular visits, dentist can lessen the pain. To ensure a healthy mouth, maintain a regular dental checkup.

It is better to keep the old denture, after you have replaced with a new set. This old denture will provide valuable information to your dentist, who will create the new set for you.

Wearing Denture – Difficulty Level

It is easy for most of the wearers, however, some may experience sore spots, speech problems, and eating issues. Medical conditions like stroke, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease may cause difficulty that needs specialist help.



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