Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: The Primary Symptoms & the Possible Causes

Snoring is a phenomenon that lot of you must have encountered in your life at some stage or the other. A lot of reasons can be related to for snoring such as age, physiology, lifestyle, nasal & mouth defects, etc. Apart from these reasons, the prevalence of disorders can lead to snoring too. Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (OSA) is one such disorder.


What is Obstructive Sleep Apnoea?

Snoring can seem to be a joke or a matter of embarrassment for most of you, but in actuality can be linked to a kind of a sleep disorder. Apnoea is referred to the state when you stop breathing. Ostructive Sleep Apnoea occurs due to an oral or a physiological defect as the soft tissue at the back of your throat relaxes during sleep, blocking the airway as a result and causing you to snore loudly. Thus, during sleep apnoea, the level of oxygen in the blood decreases as airflow is considerably reduced. As a result, we stop snoring and stop breathing temporarily. The pause in breathing generally lasts for around 10-20 seconds and can happen innumerable times in a single night. The brain reacts by disturbing the sleep and kick-starts breathing once again, which is accompanied by a choke, gasp or snort. If you are suffering from OSA, you are being robbed of restful sleep. It’s very important to know the primary symptoms and causes that lead to OSA so that effective precaution can be taken.

The Primary Symptoms to be wary of include:

  • The tendency of feeling fatigue, tired and sleepy during the daytime, which is a clear indication of a diminished overnight sleep.

  • Repeated observations of breathing cessation during the sleep at night.

  • Disruption of sleep often leading to you waking up at night primarily because of loud snoring, and a choking or gasping sensation.

  • Waking up with a dry mouth and a sore throat every time is also a popular symptom that might suggest the prevalence of OSA.

  • You might associate yourself with depression and mood swings. Generally, you motivation levels might be low and you might be suffering from high stress levels.

  • The tendency to sweat, especially during the night and also the prevalence of a considerably decreased libido.


The Main Causes of OSA include:

  • The deposition of fat around the upper airway leads to obstruction in breathing. For this reason, maximum people who are obese or overweight suffer from Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. However, this does not mean that thin people don’t develop this disorder.

  • High Blood Pressure along with excessive hypertension accounts for one of the major causes of OSA.

  • The chances of OSA are doubled among people who have narrowed airways. Those who have narrowed airways consistently suffer from chronic nasal congestion at night.

  • One of the well known causes of OSA is excessive smoking. Thus, people who are smokers and suffer from this disorder need to make a conscious effort to either cut down on the amount they smoke or stop it altogether.

  • People who are victims of Diabetes are at an increased risk of acquiring this particular disorder.

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnoea is more likely to be seen among men over women, as men have this tendency of developing a heavy upper body. Apart from this, people who have a history of OSA victims in the family are always at an increased risk of acquiring the disorder.



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